The wood obtained from tree trunks is entirely different from the one at furniture shops. Behind all the lustre and smoothness lurk great efforts. To hide the rough surface of timber a planer is required.
A planer is an expensive tool frequently required at a woodshop. It is used to plane wood by trimming the excess surface. Also, it is used to maintain a consistent thickness of the board by removing the unequal surfaces.
Planning is an essential step in wood finishing. It enhances the appearance of your rough lumber which in turn attracts the viewer. It is vital in furniture making, as the finishing represents 5-30% of manufacturing costs.
But what if you don’t have a planer? While the planer is integral in providing efficiency with little effort, there are several other options as well. With some additional effort, you can certainly utilize existing tools for levelling wood.
If you are curious to know the answer of “How can I plane wood with the available options?”. Then this article will lead you to the right guide.
4 Ways to Plane Wood Without a Planer
Getting a smooth surface of the timber is essential for furniture-making as well as for other wooden projects. Without a planer or jointer, the work might be tedious, but it will surely get you the perfect surface.
1. Using a Sandpaper
Planing wood with sandpaper is probably the oldest method. It can be quite efficient for large wood pieces. However, for compact crafts, we suggest you skip this option.
You will need: A coercive sandpaper and a small wooden box
Step 1: Wrap the Sandpaper
Take a small wooden box and wrap the sandpaper around it. This will help you to have a proper grip while sanding. Also, a firm grip can assist more strength.
Step 2: Start Grinding
Repeatedly rub your sandpaper in the direction of the wood grain with force. The procedure might be time-consuming but it will can be a good alternative of planer.
A hand-held sander can also be a good option. Although aggressive force on sander may result in plate damage. Gently Pressing the sanding plate against wood would simply do the task.
Precautions: Breathing in the sawdust can lead to health injuries. Wear a face or a nose mask to prevent dust.
2. Table Saw
You can use a table saw to trim down your wood of approximately 6 inches or more. The process is less time consuming than grinding with sandpaper for long.
You will need: A table saw with a riving blade, a jig, an engineering square (optional)
Step 1: Construct a Jig
You will be in need to construct a jig for preventing the board from rocking during the pass. This step can be time exhausting but once done, the next steps won’t take much of your time.
Step 2: Adjust the Blade
For a flawless and perfectly levelled surface, the angle of the blade should be straight 90°. You can adjust the angle by an engineering square.
Step 3: Start Planing
With both angle and board set, you are all ready to start the job. Start pushing the board back and forth against the blade of the saw. Continue pulling until you get the desired surface.
For beginners, it is better to practice first on some old wood. An error due to inconsistent movement of the board may result in burn marks.
Precautions: This technique exposes you to sharp blades on the tabletop. If you are new to this or you don’t feel safe, we recommend you to go for sandpaper.
3. Drum Sander
A drum sander is a large sander used for wood finishing. However, the tool can also be used for shaving off wood layers from an unlevelled surface.
The method is quite slow. If you want to do an arduous task then the method may be ineffective.
You will need: a drum sander and a jig (optional)
Step 1: Prepare the Jig
Construct a jig that will support the drum sander. This will complete your task early by keeping the sander compact.
Step 2: Choose the Right Sandpaper
Your sandpaper will operate based on the grit of sandpaper you have put in. Select the sandpaper according to the desired task. The lower the grit of sandpaper, the more abrasive your sander will run.
Step 3: Start Sanding
Based on your choice of sandpaper, you can both finish and level the wood. Select the height of wood for first feed by adjusting the machine. Set the machine to the fit of the wood and start sanding.
Precautions: Wear safety gloves while sanding as both the sander and the wood after a run can be quite hot. Also, the machine runs at a high pace, start consciously and avoid any loose clothes or objects.
The router can be used in a similar manner as a table saw.
You will need: A router, a jig and a sandpaper
Step 1: Set up the Jig
Just like a table saw, you will need to construct a jig. The jig is simply a rigid frame of plywood. The centre of the jig must be spacious enough to fix the router base. This will assist stability when you start planing.
Step 2: Start Planing in the Grain Direction
Position the board and start pushing it against the router. This will start planing the face of the wood. Once done, flip the board and start trimming the other side.
Step 3: Finishing
This procedure might not give your wood an extra smooth surface. For perfect finishing, you will require sandpaper. After sanding, your wood is ready to craft.
Precautions: Preventive measures must be taken to avoid sawdust.
Undoubtedly, planers are the best you could have to get a smooth surface. However, with a little more effort, you can always find a second option. The above-mentioned hacks, though time-consuming, will lead you to helpful substitutes.